- Good القُرص preparation is essential for even extraction in espresso. A good القُرص doesn’t just have a flat surface; it has an even density and distribution of particle sizes throughout.
- The appearance of the spent القُرص doesn’t tell us much about how good our القُرص preparation was, but we can use the refractometer and bottomless portafilters to evaluate distribution and tamping technique.
- Good distribution begins at the grinder. By setting up and using the grinder in such a way that the coffee falls evenly into the basket, we reduce the need for later corrections from the barista.
- Distribution also includes the relative distribution of fine particles, which can be affected by grinder performance. ‘Fines migration’, however, isn’t a concern.
- The most effective distribution methods in a cafe setting are based on tapping to settle grinds into the basket.
- Evidence suggests that using distribution tools to create even density is not as effective as tapping.
- Tamping is of secondary importance to effective distribution in creating a good القُرص.
- Tamping pressure has little effect on shot time or extraction.
- Tamping — even light tamping — can cause injury to a barista over time. To avoid back and shoulder strain, pay attention to posture and body movements during tamping.
Exhaust The pipework responsible for releasing the pressure in a القُرص when a shot finishes brewing and for transferring any waste liquid into the drain.
مقبض الترشيح المكشوف Also called ‘bottomless portafilter’ — a portafilter with the spouts and lower surface removed, exposing the bottom of the basket.
Nutation A tamping technique that involves changing the angle of the tamper in a circular motion to further compress the القُرص.
Solenoid valve An electronically controlled valve.