Elevation: 700–1,000 metres (2,300–3,280 feet) above sea level
Rainfall: 1,150–1,600 millimetres (45–63 inches)
Temperature: 22–26°C (71–79°F)
The development of large-scale irrigation enabled coffee farms to be established in the west of Bahia.
The dry, scrubby grasslands and sandy soils of the sertão in the west of Bahia were once considered unsuitable for coffee production (Comunicaffe 2018). Since the advent of large-scale irrigation in the 1990s, however, coffee-farming in the region has grown rapidly.
Farms in the region are typically large, averaging 300 hectares in size, and technified (A Lavoura 2019). Efficient production methods that combine irrigation and fertilisation (‘fertigation’) reduce labour costs and increase production (Vicente et al 2018), and these techniques, together with extensive mechanisation, have helped the region become one of the most productive in the country (Cecafé 2007).
Oeste da Bahia was granted an Indicação de Procedência (IP) in 2019. This designation is limited to coffee grown at elevations of at least 700 metres (2,300 feet) and having a minimum cup score of 75 (Abacafé 2019). Coffees from the region are typically full bodied, with low acidity.