Elevation: 500–900 metres (1,640–2,950 feet) above sea level
Rainfall: 1,400–1,700 millimetres (55–67 inches)
Temperature: 19–22°C (66–72°F)
Paraná pine (Araucaria angustifolia) trees in the north of Paraná.
The vast majority of Paraná’s coffee production comes from the northeastern region known as the ‘Pioneer North’. When the coffee industry in the state began to revive, producers in the region targeted the specialty market. Coffee in this region is mostly grown on small family-run farms of less than 50 hectares, and producing higher-value coffee allows farmers to increase revenue without increasing the planted area (AEAANP 2018).