The Coffee Buyer’s Guide to Colombia

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CBGC Social and Economic Aspects

CBGC 4.06 Recap and Glossary


  • Since the 1980s, Colombian coffee production has shifted away from the large farms of the Eje Cafetero towards smallholders in areas more suited to producing differentiated coffees.
  • Today, more than half of Colombian coffee is classified as specialty coffee or sold under a certification scheme.
  • Women perform a growing share of the work of production and are increasingly likely to own farms and belong to cooperatives.
  • Some women have opted to establish female-only associations, but critics say these organisations often benefit importers and roasters more than producers.
  • After the leaf rust epidemic hit Colombia in 2008, replanting with resistant varieties led to a dramatic increase in production. Since 2021, a prolonged La Niña has resulted in reduced yields.