The Coffee Buyer’s Guide to Colombia

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Growing Regions of Colombia

CBGC 1.22 Recap and Glossary


  • Of Colombia’s 32 departments, 22 produce coffee. The most productive are Huila, Antioquia, Tolima, Cauca, and Caldas.
  • Colombia doesn’t have a single main harvest; it produces coffee year round.
  • Coffee first flourished in the central departments of Santander, Norte de Santander, and Cundinamarca in the nineteenth century.
  • During the twentieth century, these departments declined in importance and production grew in Antioquia, from whence it spread to the rest of the country.
  • The Eje Cafetero (Coffee Axis),