- Brazil’s land area is twice that of the European Union
- The Brazilian Specialty Coffee Association recognises 33 coffee-growing regions, and 10 of these hold protected geographical indications
- The state of Minas Gerais produces 70% of Brazil’s arabica, most of which is grown in the southern region, called Sul de Minas
- Mantiqueira de Minas is a sub-region of Sul de Minas that earned a Denominação de Origem (DO) in 2020. This region includes the well-known microregion Carmo de Minas.
- Cerrado Mineiro, in the west of Minas Gerais, was the first coffee-producing region in Brazil to be awarded a Denominação de Origem (DO).
- The Cerrado is an immense highland plateau that spans several states, and is a major centre for Brazilian agriculture.
- Minas Gerais is also home to two regions that hold an Indicação de Procedência (IP): Matas de Minas in the east of the state, and Campo das Vertentes in the northern part of Sul de Minas.
Bandeiras Colonial-era expeditions into the Brazilian interior in search of slaves and mineral wealth
Bandeirantes Literally “flag-carriers”, members of the bandeiras expeditions. Bandeirantes were often revered as national heroes for their role in expanding Brazil’s frontiers. In recent years, however, their actions as slavers and colonialists are being seen in a different light (Sweigart 2020)
Paulistas Residents of São Paulo, usually referring to influential nineteenth-century landowners who became wealthy by growing coffee
Conilon A lineage of Coffea canephora, genetically distinct from Robusta, which derives from plants found along the river Kouilou in the Democratic Republic of Congo