- Bahia became a major coffee-growing state from the 1970s onwards.
- Coffees from the highlands of the Chapada Diamantina in the centre of Bahia are among Brazil’s best and regularly feature in the Cup of Excellence.
- The dry sertão in the west of Bahia has become one of Brazil’s most productive coffee-growing regions, thanks to large-scale irrigation systems.
- The regions closer to the Atlantic coast in both Bahia and Espírito Santo produce conilon (Coffea canephora).
- Espírito Santo produces 80% of Brazil’s canephora and holds an Indicação de Procedência (IP) for conilon grown in the state.
- The mountains in the west of Espírito Santo are among the highest in Brazil, and the region received a Denominação de Origem (DO) in April of 2021.
- Paraná produced more than half of Brazil’s coffee until the 1975 frosts destroyed the industry.
- Coffee-growing has returned to the state more recently, and coffee from Norte Pioneiro do Paraná received an Indicação de Procedência (IP) in 2012.
Parabolic dryers Drying beds housed under roofs that resemble those of large, hoop greenhouses.
Sertão Portuguese for ‘hinterland’ or ‘backcountry’, the sertão is a large region of dry, scrubby upland forest covering much of northeastern Brazil.
Technified coffee A system of production based on cultivating modern varieties of coffee in full sun with extensive use of inputs and irrigation and monoculture to increase yields. Technified farms can be highly efficient but environmentally damaging.