Elevation: 900–1,280 metres (2,950–4,200 feet) above sea level
Rainfall: 1,600–2,000 millimetres (63–79 inches)
Temperature: 17–26°C (63–79°F)
Alta Mogiana refers to the northern part of the Mogiana region, which lies along the border with Minas Gerais in the north of São Paulo. The region has long been recognised for high-quality production thanks to its cool climate, high elevations, and red volcanic soils, and has held an Indicação de Procedência (IP) since 2013 (Furtado de Andrade 2017). The IP includes a number of farms that lie across the state border in Minas Gerais (AMSC 2021).
Alta Mogiana includes some of the highest coffee-growing regions in Brazil. High elevations generally improve the quality of coffee in the region, but late rains during the ripening period or harvest season can harm the quality of the crop (de Souza Rolim et al 2020). An unprecedented drought during 2020 is expected to significantly affect the 2021 harvest, which is estimated to be 40% lower than the previous year’s (G1 2020).
The terms of the IP specify that farms should grow Red or Yellow Catuaí, Mundo Novo, Yellow Bourbon, Yellow Obatã, or other varieties that have similar quality potential (AMSC 2011). Coffees from Alta Mogiana typically have a creamy body, moderate acidity, and dark chocolate notes.