Elevation: 800–1,200 metres (2,620–3,940 feet) above sea level
Rainfall: 1,040–1,460 millimetres (41–57 inches)
Temperature: 18–32°C (64–90°F)
The first coffee grown in São Paulo was planted in the late eighteenth century in the area around Campinas, a town northwest of São Paulo city. Coffee farms in the region flourished, and in 1872 wealthy coffee-farming families banded together to establish the Mogiana Railway Company to transport their crop more easily. This new company was so successful that the region came to be named after the railway.
The mountainous terrain in some areas limits the amount of mechanisation, while the red volcanic soils allow for high productivity and good-quality production. Farms in the region typically grow Mundo Novo, Catuaí , and Bourbon, producing coffees with moderate acidity, creamy body, and sweet chocolate notes.