Elevation: 180–400 metres (600–1,300 feet) above sea level
Rainfall: 1,300–2,300 millimetres (51–91 inches)
Temperature: 23–26°C (73–79°F)
The ‘Forests of Rondônia’ is Brazil’s newest geographical identifier for coffee, after Rondônia’s coffee producers’ association was granted a Denominação de Origem (DO) in June of 2021. The DO is limited to a specific region in the state, and it represents just over half of the state’s production.
According to DO guidelines, coffee from Matas de Rondônia is distinct not just because of the local climate and soil but also because most of the canephora grown in the region is the result of crosses between the conilon and robusta groups. This has resulted in a unique group of varieties, known as Robusta Amazônico. This group produces larger beans, with a lower percentage of caffeine than typical conilon varieties (Silva 2021).
Producers in the area have embraced new production practices, including controlled fermentations and gentle solar drying, that are more usually associated with specialty arabica than with canephora production (Embrapa 2019). This has helped coffee from the region to differentiate itself on the basis of quality.