Elevation: 650–800 metres (2,130–2,620 feet) above sea level
Rainfall: 1,275 millimetres (50 inches)
Temperature: 18–28°C (64–82°F)
The regions of Marília e Garça and Ourinhos e Avaré are sometimes treated as a single region called ‘Centro-Oeste de São Paulo’ — but they have distinct microclimates and histories. The area around the towns of Marília and Garça was one of the last parts of São Paulo to be planted with coffee in the early twentieth century.
The low-lying, gently undulating terrain is ideally suited for mechanised farming, and the first mechanical harvester was invented in the region (Leme 2019). Despite this, farms in the region are typically small to medium in size and focused on speciality production. Producers in the microregion of Garça have formed an association, with the intention of securing an Indicação de Procedência (IP) for their coffees (Regiao de Garça 2021).
Typical varieties for the region include Yellow Icatu, the Catuaí subvariety Ouro Verde, Obatã, and Mundo Novo. The low humidity climate means that most coffees can be dry-processed, producing full-bodied coffees with typical flavours of dark chocolate and roasted nuts.