Elevation: 300–600 metres (980–1,970 feet) above sea level
Rainfall: 1,400–1,700 millimetres (55–67 inches)
Temperature: 20–26°C (68–79°F)
The remaining coffee-growing regions of Mato Grosso do Sul. Source: Koh et al (2020)
Mato Grosso do Sul, formerly part of Mato Grosso, was established as a separate state in the late 1970s. Mato Grosso do Sul lies in Brazil’s Centre-West and borders Bolivia and Paraguay. A large part of the state is covered by the vast floodplain known as the Pantanal, one of the largest wetland ecoregions in the world. The remainder of the state is primarily made up of cerrado savannah.
Although Mato Grosso do Sul is frequently included in lists of Brazil’s coffee-growing regions, it is not an important producer. The state is not included in the Brazilian Specialty Coffee Association’s classification of coffee-growing regions, but we include it here for completeness. The main coffee-growing areas of the state lie close to its borders with Paraná and São Paulo .
Coffee farmers in Mato Grosso do Sul grow arabica exclusively, planting varieties that can survive the occasional frosts that occur at low latitudes. The total income from coffee grown in the state more than doubled between 2009 and 2013 (Chavez 2014). Since then, however, the amount of coffee grown in the state has decreased enormously. The 2021 harvest was estimated at around 4,300 bags, down from a peak of 27,400 in 2012 (IGBE 2021).